Viking Myths: Stories of the Norse Gods and Goddesses - Thor Ewing
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Viking Myths

VIKING MAGIC

The Vikings had two kinds of magic. One was called galdr, and the other was seiðr.

Galdr seems to have been based on chanting spells. The galdr-magician had to know the right words to chant to make the magic work. These spells were written in a special style of poetry called galdralag. One of the few poems that survives in galdralag seems to be about Odin.

Seiðr was quite different. The seiðr-magician sat on a platform while helpers chanted special songs called lokkar, which helped the magician go into a magical trance. In this trance, the magician would foretell the future. According to one myth, Odin learned seiðr from the goddess Freya.

Some people think that galdr-magicians were nearly always men, but that seiðr-magicians were usually women.

The Vikings also believed that their runic alphabet was a source of magical power.

The Viking myths are full of magical things, like Thor’s wagon which is pulled through the sky by his goats, or Odin and Loki who can turn themselves into birds and animals.

There’s magic of one sort or another in almost every chapter of Viking Myths: Stories of the Norse Gods and Goddesses.
 

Viking Myths: Stories of the Norse Gods and Goddesses 
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